A dosage of 1 g of valacyclovir 3 times per day (TID) for 7 days has already been shown to be superior to an oral dosage of 800 mg acyclovir 5 times per day for 7 days in immunocompetent individuals. The objective of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of an oral dosage of valacyclovir, 1 g TID versus 2 g TID, for the treatment of herpes zoster in immunocompromised patients ⩾18 years of age. The oral dosage schedule of 2 g of valacyclovir TID reaches acyclovir plasma levels similar to those achieved with intravenous acyclovir therapy given to immunocompromised patients (10 mg/kg every 8 h for 7 days). In this double-blind study, 87 immunocompromised patients with clinical evidence of localized herpes zoster were randomized to receive oral valacyclovir therapy for 7 days, either 1 g TID or 2 g TID, within 72 h after onset of zoster rash. Patients were seen and assessed for cutaneous healing, zoster-associated pain (ZAP), and/or zoster-associated abnormal sensations (ZAAS), up to 24 weeks. Participants in both arms of the study demonstrated similar median times to full crusting of the rash (8 days), and both dosages were safe and effective therapies for reduction of ZAP and ZAAS in the immunocompromised patient population Trials registration Clinical identifier: NCT00006131 Herpes zoster, or shingles, is a common disease caused by a reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Subsequent to primary VZV infection (i.e., chickenpox), the virus lies latent in the dorsal root ganglia, and reactivation can occur at any age [1, 2]. The dose in immunocompromised patients is 1000 mg three times daily for at least seven days (3000 mg total daily dose) and for 2 days following crusting of lesions. This dose should be reduced according to creatinine clearance (see Renal impairment below). For recurrent episodes, treatment should be for three to five days. For initial episodes, which can be more severe, treatment may have to be extended to ten days. For recurrent episodes of herpes simplex, this should ideally be during the prodromal period or immediately upon appearance of the first signs or symptoms. Valtrex can prevent lesion development when taken at the first signs and symptoms of an HSV recurrence. For herpes labialis (cold sores), valaciclovir 2000 mg twice daily for one day is effective treatment in adults and adolescents. The second dose should be taken about 12 h (no sooner than 6 h) after the first dose.
May 1, 2008. Double-Blind Study Comparing 2 Dosages of Valacyclovir Hydrochloride for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Herpes Zoster in. Drug Name Dosage Form USP Apparatus Speed RPMs Medium Volume mL Recommended Sampling Times minutes Date Updated; Abacavir Sulfate Tablet II Paddle