Exploding head syndrome (EHS) is a disorder characterized by the perception of loud noises (e.g. a bomb explosion, gunshot or cymbal crash) when going to sleep or awakening. Contrary to the name, ENS is not associated with pain. However the noise attacks can elicit a great deal of fear, confusion and distress in sufferers. Reports of tachycardia and palpitations are also common. Despite the distressing nature of EHS, relatively little is known about the prevalence and underlying cause of the condition. Some scientists have estimated that EHS may affect 10% of the population. RLS is defined by four essential criteria needed for clinical diagnosis which are established by the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group. The urge to move the legs, usually accompanied or caused by uncomfortable and unpleasant sensations in the legs. Symptoms are partially or totally relieved by movement such as walking or stretching. Symptoms are worse at night with periodic limb movements. adult population is affected by restless legs syndrome and it is more common in women. While symptoms can vary from person to person, they are generally described as an urge to move the legs accompanied by burning, creeping, crawling, aching, tingling, or tugging sensations in the legs. As a direct result patients may experience daytime tiredness, mood disturbance, and inability to perform daily activities, which can have a substantial negative impact on quality of life. The dopamine neurotransmitter system appears to be mostly involved with this condition. Restless legs syndrome is mostly thought of as a condition that affects adults, but it is also fairly common in children and teenagers. Older men who suffer from RLS at night are almost twice as likely to have erectile dysfunction as those without the condition. The mechanisms underlying the association between RLS and erectile dysfunction could be caused by hypofunctioning of the brain chemical dopamine in the central nervous system, which is associated with both conditions.
Serotonin syndrome is a toxic state caused mainly by excess serotonin within the central nervous system. It results in a variety of mental, autonomic and neuromuscular changes, which can range in severity from mild to life-threatening. Severe serotonin syndrome is nearly always caused by a drug interaction involving two or more 'serotonergic' drugs, at least one of which is usually a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor or monoamine oxidase inhibitor. Management involves withdrawal of the offending drugs, aggressive supportive care and occasionally serotonin antagonists such as cyproheptadine. Treatment of the condition for which the serotonergic drugs were prescribed should be reviewed. The treatment of depression in Australia has evolved greatly over the last two decades. Tricyclic antidepressant use is decreasing, while the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) is increasing. In 2001, prescriptions for SSRIs outnumbered those for tricyclics by two to one. He pill works like magic, people who’ve used it say, to quell their anxiety around public speaking. For decades, doctors have written off-label prescriptions for the heart drug propranolol to help anxious musicians, poker players, and tech executives calm their racing hearts and still their trembling hands before a big performance. Now, a San Francisco startup called Kick is planning to bring the beta blocker to a mass market — a plan that’s giving some psychiatrists and psychologists anxiety of a different kind. Kick wants to become a telemedicine platform that makes it easy for nearly anyone who needs a confidence boost — before a first date, perhaps, or a big work presentation — to get a prescription for propranolol. They just need to pass a screening by filling out an online form and interacting in some way with a physician — the current idea is a video call. advertisement As for the medication itself, Kick has reformulated the traditional pill into a minty lozenge, like an Altoid, that dissolves in your mouth, releasing 10 milligrams of the cardiac drug. The company wants to make it available in different colors and flavors, like watermelon.
Serious comorbid conditions can be inciting events for reasons for cessation of alcohol and should be thoroughly investigated. In patients admitted for reasons other than withdrawal eg, myocardial infarction MI, multiple trauma, obtaining a history of illicit drug and alcohol abuse is important, as it can assist with anticipating the need for treatment of withdrawal syndromes. Exploding head syndrome EHS is a disorder characterized by the perception of loud noises e.g. a bomb explosion, gunshot or cymbal crash when going to sleep or awakening.