Amoxicillin is a broad-spectrum penicillin antibiotic used to treat various infections caused by susceptible strains of bacteria. Amoxicillin is sold per capsule or per tablet and requires a prescription from your veterinarian. NOTE: Amoxicillin is also available in a suspension as Amoxicillin Drops. Cats and Dogs Amoxicillin works by inhibiting the formation of bacterial cell walls. Tell your veterinarian if your pet is being given another antibiotic. Also tell your veterinarian if your pet has allergies, or kidney, stomach or intestinal disease. While symptoms may subside early, use all of the prescribed medicine. Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid is a combination penicillin-type antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. Using any antibiotic when it is not needed can cause it to not work for future infections. It will not work for viral infections (such as common cold, flu). Take this medication by mouth with a meal or snack as directed by your doctor, usually every 12 hours. Do not take this medication with a high-fat meal because it can decrease the absorption of the drug. Doing so can release all of the drug at once, increasing the risk of side effects. Also, do not split the tablets unless they have a score line and your doctor or pharmacist tells you to do so. Swallow the whole or split tablet without crushing or chewing. For the best effect, take this antibiotic at evenly spaced times.
Some clinicians select amoxicillin over penicillin VK to treat odontogenic infection because of a more convenient dosing regimen e.g., 2-3 doses daily for amoxicillin versus 4 doses daily for penicillin VK. Except for coverage of Haemophilus influenzae in acute sinus and otitis media infections, amoxicillin is not any more effective than penicillin VK for the treatment of odontogenic infections. It is less effective than penicillin VK against aerobic gram-positive cocci and similar in efficacy against anaerobes. Thus penicillin VK is the drug of choice for treating odontogenic infections. Contraindications: Hypersensitivity to amoxicillin, penicillin or any component of the formulation. Warnings/Precautions: Use with caution in patients with severe renal impairment (modify dosage); low incidence of cross-allergy with other beta-lactams and cephalosporins exists. The usual daily oral dose for treating odontogenic infections in children is: Children under 12 years: 20-40 mg/kg divided in 2-3 doses daily for 10 days. Take without regard to meals Mixing oral suspension: Tap bottle until all powder flows freely; add approximately one third of the total amount of water for reconstitution and shake vigorously to wet powder; add remainder of water and shake vigorously again After reconstitution, place required amount of suspension directly on child’s tongue for swallowing; if taste is unacceptable, required amount of suspension can be added to formula, milk, fruit juice, water, ginger ale, or other cold drinks; preparation must be taken immediately Shake suspension well before using; any unused portion must be discarded after 14 days Mucocutaneous candidiasis Gastrointestinal (eg, black hairy tongue and hemorrhagic/pseudomembranous colitis, which may occur during or after treatment) Hypersensitivity reactions (eg, anaphylaxis, serum sickness–like reactions, erythematous maculopapular rashes, erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, exfoliative dermatitis, toxic epidermal necrolysis, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, hypersensitivity vasculitis, urticaria) Moderate increase in AST and/or ALT; hepatic dysfunction (eg, cholestatic jaundice, hepatic cholestasis and acute cytolytic hepatitis have been reported) Renal (eg, crystalluria) Anemia (eg, hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, thrombocytopenic purpura, eosinophilia, leukopenia, agranulocytosis) CNS reactions (eg, reversible hyperactivity, agitation, anxiety, insomnia, confusion, convulsions, behavioral changes, dizziness) Tooth discoloration (brown, yellow, or gray staining); may be reduced or eliminated with brushing or dental cleaning Anaphylaxis has been reported rarely but is more likely to occur following parenteral therapy with penicillins Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) has been reported with use of nearly all antibacterial agents; severity may range from mild diarrhea to fatal colitis; CDAD may occur over 2 months after discontinuation of therapy; if CDAD is suspected or confirmed, discontinue immediately and begin appropriate fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibiotic treatment of C difficile, and surgical evaluation Do not administer in patients with infectious mononucleosis because of risk of development of erythematous skin rash Do not administer to patients in the absence of a proven or suspected bacterial infection because of risk of development of drug-resistant bacteria Superinfections with bacterial or fungal pathogens may occur during therapy; if suspected, discontinue immediately and begin appropriate treatment Chewable tablets contain aspartame, which contains phenylalanine Use caution in patients with allergy to cephalosporins, carbapenems Endocarditis prophylaxis: use for only high-risk patients, as per recent AHA guidelines High doses may cause false urine glucose test by some methods Derivative of ampicillin and has similar antibacterial spectrum (certain gram-positive and gram-negative organisms); similar bactericidal action as penicillin; acts on susceptible bacteria during multiplication stage by inhibiting cell wall mucopeptide biosynthesis; superior bioavailability and stability to gastric acid and has broader spectrum of activity than penicillin; less active than penicillin against Streptococcus pneumococcus; penicillin-resistant strains also resistant to amoxicillin, but higher doses may be effective; more effective against gram-negative organisms (eg, N meningitidis, H influenzae) than penicillin The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.
Indications for Amoxicillin Tablets Susceptible infections including ear/nose/throat ENT, genitourinary tract, skin and skin structures, lower respiratory, acute. Amoxicillin is a prescription drug used for short-term treatment of certain bacterial infections. It can be used as part of a combination therapy and taken with other medications. It comes in an.