, produces distressing symptoms such as severe nausea and vomiting. It is a dangerous drug, should always be given under the supervision of a physician and is never given to a patient who is in a state of intoxication or does not have full knowledge of its effects. Disulfiram inhibits the oxidation of acetaldehyde produced by the metabolism of alcohol; the resultant accumulation of acetaldehyde in the body is what causes nausea, vomiting, palpitation, dyspnea, and lowered blood pressure. An antioxidant that interferes with the normal metabolic degradation of alcohol in the body, resulting in increased acetaldehyde concentrations in blood and tissues. Used in the treatment of chronic alcoholism; when taken regularly in chronic alcoholism, it can lower the risk of relapse by inducing severe malaise and nausea if alcohol is consumed. Also used as a chelator in copper and nickel poisoning.) an antioxidant that inhibits the oxidation of the acetaldehyde metabolized from alcohol, resulting in high concentrations of acetaldehyde in the body. Used to produce aversion to alcohol in the treatment of alcoholism because extremely uncomfortable symptoms occur when its administration is followed by ingestion of alcohol. indications It is prescribed as a deterrent to drinking alcohol in the treatment of chronic alcoholism. A carbamate derivative used as an alcohol deterrent. It is a relatively nontoxic substance when administered alone, but markedly alters the intermediary metabolism of alcohol. When alcohol is ingested after administration of disulfiram, blood acetaldehyde concentrations are increased, followed by flushing, systemic vasodilation, respiratory difficulties, nausea, hypotension, and other symptoms (acetaldehyde syndrome).
Disulfiram (sold under the trade names Antabuse and Antabus) is a drug used to support the treatment of chronic alcoholism by producing an acute sensitivity to ethanol (drinking alcohol). Disulfiram works by inhibiting the enzyme acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, which means that many of the effects of a "hangover" are felt immediately after alcohol is consumed. "Disulfiram plus alcohol, even small amounts, produce flushing, throbbing in head and neck, throbbing headache, respiratory difficulty, nausea, copious vomiting, sweating, thirst, chest pain, palpitation, dyspnea, hyperventilation, tachycardia, hypotension, syncope, marked uneasiness, weakness, vertigo, blurred vision, and confusion. In severe reactions there may be respiratory depression, cardiovascular collapse, arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, acute congestive heart failure, unconsciousness, convulsions, and death." In the body, alcohol is converted to acetaldehyde, which is then broken down by acetaldehyde dehydrogenase. If the dehydrogenase enzyme is inhibited, acetaldehyde builds up and causes unpleasant effects. Disulfiram should be used in conjunction with counseling and support. Disulfiram has been studied as a possible treatment for cancer Under normal metabolism, alcohol is broken down in the liver by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase to acetaldehyde, which is then converted by the enzyme acetaldehyde dehydrogenase to a harmless acetic acid derivative (acetyl coenzyme A). Крахмал кукурузный, повидон, натрия гидрокарбонат, тальк, кремния диоксид, кислота винная, магния стеарат, МКЦ, — как вспомогательные вещества. , понижение АД, сердцебиение, нечеткость зрения, тошнота, рвота. Неприятные ощущения, сопряженные с приемом алкоголя, приводят к условно-рефлекторному отвращению спиртных напитков. Фармакокинетика Всасывается на 70 — 90 %после приема внутрь. Хорошо растворяется в липидах и накапливается в жировых депо. Быстро метаболизируется, и в итоге при ряде преобразований превращается в активный метаболит — метиловый эфир T1/2 метил-ДТК — 10 ч, но дольше сохраняется активность в отношении альдегид дегидрогеназы. Поэтому после отмены препарата эффект сохранятся 7-14 дней. Метаболиты выводятся с мочой, частично с выдыхаемым воздухом, а 20% неизмененного дисульфирама — через кишечник.
When a person takes disulfiram, they get very sick if they drink any alcohol. They will start feeling sick 5 to 30 minutes after they drink. Usually, the more a person. Acetaldehyde dehydrogenases EC 22.214.171.124 are dehydrogenase enzymes which catalyze the. The drug disulfiram Antabuse prevents the oxidation of acetaldehyde to acetic acid and is used in the treatment of alcoholism. ALDH1 is.