(I) Concept and design: RI Nazer; (II) Administrative support: K Alburikan; (III) Provision of study materials or patients: RI Nazer; (IV) Collection and assembly of data: M Abalhassan; (V) Data analysis and interpretation: All authors; (VI) Manuscript writing: All authors; (VII) Final approval of manuscript: All authors. Background: Metformin is an oral antidiabetic agent belonging to the biguanide class of antidiabetics. Possible novel applications for metformin in cardiovascular disease might exist. The aim of this study was to verify a possible association between pre-operative metformin administration and protection against ischemia-induced liver injury in diabetic patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Methods: A retrospective case-control series was conducted at a single center. Two hundred consecutive diabetic patients underwent isolated on-pump CABG during a 12-month span (July 2015 – July 2016). Metformin was uninterrupted in patients who took this drug prior to CABG; 68 patients were metformin users (34%) while 132 patients were taking other antidiabetic agents (66%). Endocrinology Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro, Campus Universitario, Località Germaneto, Viale Europa, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy Received 14 July 2011; Accepted 4 October 2011Academic Editor: Konstantinos Kantartzis Copyright © 2012 Angela Mazza et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disorder worldwide. Its prevalence ranges 10–24% in the general population, reaching 60–95% and 28–55% in obese and diabetic patients, respectively. Although the etiology of NAFLD is still unclear, several lines of evidences have indicated a pathogenetic role of insulin resistance in this disorder. This concept has stimulated several clinical studies where antidiabetic drugs, such as insulin sensitizers including metformin, have been evaluated in insulin-resistant, NAFLD patients. These studies indicate that metformin might be of benefit in the treatment of NAFLD, also in nondiabetic patients, when associated to hypocaloric diet and weight control.
If you’ve been following the PCOS Nutrition Center blog, you know what a fan we are of a combination of myo and d-chiro inositol (DCI) for pretty much any woman with PCOS, regardless of age or fertility. The best explanation of this that I give to my PCOS nutrition coaching patients goes like this: when we eat foods (mostly carbohydrates), they get converted into glucose in our blood stream. New research is starting to compare the benefits of inositol to metformin in women with PCOS. We need the glucose to enter our cells to be used for energy. When blood glucose levels rise, a signal (imagine a doorbell is rung) is sent from the cell door to the nucleus telling it to open up. However, with PCOS, the doorbell on the cell door may be defective. This means that it takes longer for the cells to open its doors to glucose resulting in higher amounts of insulin needing to be secreted. Secondary messengers acts to repair the doorbell so that the cell doors open in a timely response to glucose, resulting in less insulin needing to be secreted. It has been suggested that women with PCOS have a problem converting myo into DCI (myo inositol gets converted into DCI when needed to maintain a 40:1 ratio in tissues). Parker boats proudly serves in commercial, governmental agencies, recreational and high-tech sports fishing use around the world. To experience the pure genuine pleasure that comes from handling a fine quality boat, visit the Parker dealer in your area.
Metformin is an oral diabetes medicine that helps control blood sugar levels. Metformin is used together with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metformin is sometimes used together with insulin or other medications, but it is not for treating type 1 diabetes. Important Information First, some basic physiology you may already know. The liver is one of the most complicated organs in the body, and possibly the least understood. It plays a huge role in handling sugars and starches, making sure our bodies have enough fuel to function.